Lumbini (The birthplace): Lumbini lies in southern Nepal, where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Prince Siddhartha, a short distance from the Shakya capital of Kapilavastu. Pilgrimages center are sacred garden which contains the site of the birth, the Mayadevi temple, the Pashkarni pond and the Ashoka pillar.
Bodhgaya (Enlightenment): It is located at Bodhgaya in Bihar, Prince Siddhartha attained Enlightenment (nirvana) under the Bodhi tree, meditating for 49 days. He is no longer a bodhisattva (mentor), he became Lord Buddha, the Enlightened One.
Sarnath (First sermon): After attainment of enlightenment, Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath. It is situated about 10 km from the ancient holy city of Varanasi. He made his first disciples (Sangha) to promote his new doctrine. The splendid Dhamekha Stupa at Sarnath was originally erected by King Ashok, now known as was the famous lion capital pillar.
Kushinagar (Parinivara): Lord Buddha fell ill and left this world in 543 BC at Kushinagar.His mortal remains were preserved in eight commemorative Chortens, and then further distributed by King Ashok to 84,000 stupas across his kingdom and beyond.